UNESCO Biosphere Reserves

What is a biosphere reserve?

Striking a balance between nature and man

A biosphere reserve is an area created to conserve the biological and cultural diversity of a region while promoting sustainable economic and social development. Its goal is to strike a balance between conservation and use, as people depend on intact ecosystems to survive.

An area is recognised as a biosphere reserve by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as part of the Man and the Biosphere Programme. All biosphere reserves form a global network, the “World Network of Biosphere Reserves”. This network allows the exchange of knowledge and experience.

A biosphere reserve allows people and nature to co-exist and interact with each other for their mutual benefit. The inhabitants may use the area’s natural resources in a sustainable way, while at the same time contributing to the conservation of precious habitats. It is a place for cooperation, education, and research to better understand man’s impact on nature. It is a demonstration area to test new and innovative ideas for sustainable development. All members of society, including local communities, environmental groups, and economic parties are involved and work together to address conservation and development issues.